READ. Get a good butterfly identification book, such as Gardening for Butterflies by the Xerces Society and The Life Cycle of Butterflies by Judy Burris and Wayne Richards.
Feed ‘EM. Add nectar-rich annuals, such as zinnias, Mexican sunflower, and lantana, which bloom from spring through fall.
PLANT IN DRIFTS. Butterflies floating overhead are attracted to groups of flowers.
SELECT SINGLES. Include perennials and annuals that have larger, single daisy type flowers. A butterfly will spend more time and save energy visiting one large blossom to gather nectar.
GO NATIVE. Add some plants that are native to our region. Native plants support thousands of species of pollinators including native bees, butterflies, moths, flies, wasps, and flower-visiting beetles.
GROW HOST PLANTS. Create a butterfly nursery by growing their preferred food plants. For example, Black Swallowtails will lay eggs on dill, fennel, and parsley.
BE A LAZY GARDENER. Hold off on fall cleanup of annuals and perennials until spring. Some butterfly chrysalises (pupas) overwinter in the garden.
BE A BUTTERFLY BARTENDER. Place a shallow dish of wet sand or water where butterflies can sip water. Some species visit wet sites to glean salts and nutrients not found in nectar.
GET INVOLVED AND LEARN. Join the North American Butterfly Association, naba.org.
SKIP THE PESTICIDES. Many products are indiscriminate and will kill all kinds of caterpillars.