MOSQUITO LIFE CYCLE
Mosquito Life Cycle
Brunswick County has 47 different mosquito species.
Learn more about the mosquito species in Brunswick County.
Knowing the different stages of the mosquito’s life will help you prevent mosquitoes around your home and help you choose the right pesticides for your needs, if you decide to use them. All mosquito species go through four distinct stages during their life cycle:
- Egg – hatches when exposed to water.
- Larva – (plural: larvae) “wriggler” lives in water; molts several times; most species surface to breathe air.
- Pupa – (plural: pupae) “tumbler” does not feed; stage just before emerging as adult.
- Adult – flies short time after emerging and after its body parts have hardened.
The first three stages occur in water, but the adult is an active flying insect. Only the female mosquito bites and feeds on the blood of humans or other animals.
- After she obtains a blood meal, the female mosquito lays the eggs directly on or near water, soil and at the base of some plants in places that may fill with water. The eggs can survive dry conditions for a few months.
- The eggs hatch in water and a mosquito larva or “wriggler” emerges. The length of time to hatch depends on water temperature, food and type of mosquito.
- The larva lives in the water, feeds and develops into the third stage of the life cycle called, a pupa or “tumbler.” The pupa also lives in the water but no longer feeds.
- Finally, the mosquito emerges from the pupal case after two days to a week in the pupal stage.
- The life cycle typically takes up two weeks, but depending on conditions, it can range from 4 days to as long as a month.
The adult mosquito emerges onto the water’s surface and flies away, ready to begin its lifecycle.
Tips to prevent mosquitos around your house
Remove Mosquito Habitats
An important part of mosquito control around homes is making sure that mosquitoes don’t have a place to lay their eggs. Because mosquitoes need water for two stages of their life cycle, it is important to monitor standing water sources.
- Eliminate standing water in rain gutters, old tires, buckets, plastic covers, toys, or any other container where mosquitoes can breed.
- Empty and change the water in bird baths, fountains, wading pools, rain barrels, and potted plant trays at least once a week to destroy potential mosquito habitats.
- Keep swimming pool water treated and circulating.
- Kayaks and canoes can be large reservoirs for mosquitoes. Keep these turned upside down so the water can drain out entirely.
Plants around the house
If you want to find a natural way to avoid getting bit this season, look at the plants that repel mosquitoes
- Bee Balm
- Floss Flower
- Lemon Balm