The City of Southport Public Services

Mosquito Control Information

While mosquitoes cannot be eliminated, it is important to control mosquitoes. They are a known disease “vector” meaning they can transmit some diseases to humans. Even mosquitoes that do not transmit disease can be a nuisance in their biting behavior. In severe instances it can be detrimental to the city’s quality of life.

Contact Information

Vector Control, Mosquito

David Kelly  |  Tel: (910) 457-7935

[email protected]


Typical spray times are between 7:30 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. depending on weather conditions. 

There are 5 spray zones in Southport.

Zone 1 (West side of Howe Street) is from West 9th Street to West Bay Street. That includes Indigo Plantation & Cottage Point.

Zone 2 (East side of Howe Street) is from East Leonard Street to East Bay street. That includes The Hammocks, The Landing, Harbor Oaks, & Turtle Wood.

Zone 3 (East side of Howe Street) is from Stuart Ave to East Leonard Street. Includes Park Ave Ext., Highland Park Ave and Price’s Creek.

Zone 4 (West side of Howe Street) is from West 9th Street to West 14th Street. That includes The Ridge & Cades Cove.

Zone 5 is Rivermist

Mosquito Life Cycle

Knowing the different stages of the mosquito’s life will help you prevent mosquitoes around your home and help you choose the right pesticides for your needs, if you decide to use them. All mosquito species go through four distinct stages during their life cycle:

  • Egg – hatches when exposed to water.
  • Larva – (plural: larvae) “wriggler” lives in water; molts several times; most species surface to breathe air.
  • Pupa – (plural: pupae) “tumbler” does not feed; stage just before emerging as adult.
  • Adult – flies short time after emerging and after its body parts have hardened.

The first three stages occur in water, but the adult is an active flying insect. Only the female mosquito bites and feeds on the blood of humans or other animals.

  • After she obtains a blood meal, the female mosquito lays the eggs directly on or near water, soil and at the base of some plants in places that may fill with water. The eggs can survive dry conditions for a few months.
  • The eggs hatch in water and a mosquito larva or “wriggler” emerges. The length of time to hatch depends on water temperature, food and type of mosquito.
  • The larva lives in the water, feeds and develops into the third stage of the life cycle called, a pupa or “tumbler.” The pupa also lives in the water but no longer feeds.
  • Finally, the mosquito emerges from the pupal case after two days to a week in the pupal stage.
  • The life cycle typically takes up two weeks, but depending on conditions, it can range from 4 days to as long as a month.

The adult mosquito emerges onto the water’s surface and flies away, ready to begin its lifecycle.

Brunswick County has 47 different mosquito species.

Learn more about the mosquito species in Brunswick County.

Spray Product

PCT 3+15 ULV is the current product used to manage adult mosquito populations by the city.  Our mosquito sprayers are equipped with Smart Flow Technology, providing the driver with increased treatment flexibility, while improving the accuracy of each application. As a precautionary measure, people and pets should go indoors when they see the mosquito sprayer coming.

Southport Department of Public Services

Tips to prevent mosquitos around your house

Remove Mosquito Habitats

       An important part of mosquito control around homes is making sure that mosquitoes don’t have a place to lay their eggs. Because mosquitoes need water for two stages of their life cycle, it is important to monitor standing water sources.

  • Eliminate standing water in rain gutters, old tires, buckets, plastic covers, toys, or any other container where mosquitoes can breed.
  • Empty and change the water in bird baths, fountains, wading pools, rain barrels, and potted plant trays at least once a week to destroy potential mosquito habitats.
  • Keep swimming pool water treated and circulating.
  • Kayaks and canoes can be large reservoirs for mosquitoes. Keep these turned upside down so the water can drain out entirely.

Plants around the house

If you want to find a natural way to avoid getting bit this season, look at the plants that repel mosquitoes

  • Bee Balm
  • Catnip
  • Citronella
  • Floss Flower
  • Lavender
  • Lemon Balm
  • Lemongrass
  • Marigold
  • Peppermint
  • Rosemary
  • Sage